Narayani Zone,Chitwan District

September 17, 2008 at 2:28 pm Leave a comment

Chitwan District

Chitwan District, a western part of Narayani Zone, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal, a landlocked country of South Asia. The district, with Bharatpur(seventh largest city of Nepal) as its district headquarters, Bharatpur is the commercial and service centre of central south Nepal, it is the merger destination for higher education health and transportation of the region. It covers an area of 2,218km² and has a population (2001) of 472,048.

Narayangarh, on the bank of Narayani River, is the main town with numerous shopping zones where people from all over the district and even from neighbouring district come to shop.

Now there are about 40 Village Development Committees (each of which has nine wards or villages) and one sub-Metropolitan city – Bharatpur and a municipality Ratnanagar each of which has more than nine wards or urban areas.

At the foot of the Himalayas, Chitwan is one of the few remaining undisturbed vestiges of the Terai region, which formerly extended over the foothills of Nepal.
* 1 Origin
* 2 Industry
* 3 Geography
* 4 Towns and villages
* 5 See also
* 6 References

Currently there are three stories about the origin of the name Chitwan:

* The dense jungle there (before men started settlements there) was teeming with Cheetahs. And, the word for ‘jungle’ in Nepali is van. So, the people around started to call that locality as Cheetah-van, which was later modified as Chitwan.
* The dense jungle in the past was teeming with deer, and so they started to call it Chitri-van which gave way to the present word for the district.
* Long ago, the region was reigned by a kings descended from Chitra Vamsa. (Vamsa is a Sanskrit word for dynasty or lineage).

Chitwan is very famous in Nepal because of its dominant production of mustard from which mustard oil is produced. This popularity of the mustard plantation in Chitwan is attributed to the predominant soil type of the place. The soil in chitwan is mostly of the type silt. The silty nature of the soil is in turn attributed to the flooding over the ages in the past from the rivers like Gandaki. Chitwan is also profusely spotted with lands with soil type clay which are very good for use as rice fields. Other popular cash-crops in the region are maize and wheat etc. The soil there is also very good for growing various types of vegetables such as cabbage, cauliflower, radish, potato, broccoli, cucumbers, pumpkins, carrot etc.

Chitwan product 80% of the country poultry industry, and it is also famous for floriculture, Mushrooms cultivation, Bea Forms and Honey production etc.

At present Chitwan’s largest business part Narayangarh is less accessible due to the main bus terminal of the city was moved a few kilometres away from the town to the corner of the other part of Bharatpur city, due to previous king’s son’s anger with the politics of the citizens of the city.This bus terminal is however no longer in use following successful people’s movement in 2006. It is believed that Nepali leftist revolutionary leader Prachanda spent his childhood and youth in Chitwan.


It has a particularly rich flora and fauna.
One of the last populations of single-horned Indian Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis), Panthers /Leopards, crocodiles, pythons, and several kinds of deer live in the Chitwan National Park, which is also one of the last refuges of the Royal Bengal tiger. Despite the efforts of Chitwan National Park, it has been unable to protect the rhinoceros population from poachers.,चितवन जिल्ला सन्तोष अर्याल

Towns and villages
Ayodhyapuri Bachhayauli Bagauda Bhandara Bharatpur Nagar Birendra Nagar Chainpur Chandi Bhanjyang Dahakhani Darechok Dibyanagar Fulbari Gardi Gitanagar Gunjanagar Jagatpur Jutpani Kabilas Kathar Kaule Khairhani Korak Kumroj Lothar Madi Kalyanpur Mangalpur Meghauli Narayanpur Padampur Pancha Kanya Parbatipur Patihani Piple Pithuwa Ratnanagar N.P. Saradanagar Shaktikhor Sibanagar Siddi Sukranagar

Chitwan District
Map of with Chitwan District highlighted
Chitwan is located in the NW of Narayani Zone
Area     2,218 km²
Population (2001)
Density     472,048   /km²
Time zone     NPT (UTC+5:45)


Entry filed under: Narayani Zone.

Narayani Zone,Bara District Narayani Zone,Makwanpur District

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September 2008


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